Your blood sugar value indicates the level of glucose in your blood. The body uses this type of sugar as its main source of energy. You obtain glucose through food, and it’s later distributed throughout the body.
High blood sugar or hyperglycemia is a condition in which the body is unable to process sugar. If the condition doesn’t improve over time, it can cause a permanent damage to different body parts, including your kidney, blood vessels, nerves and eyes.
Diabetes occurs as a result of several factors:
- over-treating an episode of hypoglycemia
- skipping or taking a wrong dose of diabetes medication
- insufficient physical activity
- cold and other diseases
- overeating and snacking before meals
- steroids and other medication
Children and adults are more likely to go through an occasional episode of hyperglycemia.
Hyperglycemia isn’t the same thing as diabetes.
Sufferers are sometimes unaware of their condition, and don’t experience any signs. We will give you some of the most common symptoms of hyperglycemia:
- frequent urination and nocturia
- blurred vision
- concentration issues
- dry mouth
- recurrent infections
- Slow healing of cuts and wounds
- Digestive issues
- Chronic fatigue or extreme tiredness
- Increased thirst
- Dry and itchy skin
- Constant hunger
- Excess abdominal fat/obesity
- Nerve issues
How much do you actually know about glycemic food?
The glycemic index or GI marks the number of carbs contained in food which increase blood sugar level. Its scale goes from 0 to 100.
The body needs less time to process high GI foods. This doesn’t apply to foods with low GI. Reduce your insulin levels by consuming low GI foods.
Low GI foods
Their GI ranges between 0 and 54. Eat these regularly.
- 1 egg – 0
- 1 cup of hummus equals – 6
- 1 cup of broccoli – 10
- 1 mid-sized yellow onion – 10
- 1 cup of walnuts – 15
- 1 cup of cherries – 22
- 1 cup of cashew nuts – 22
- 1 cup of yoghurt – 23
- 1 Turkey sausage – 28
- 1 cup of kidney beans – 31
- 1 cup of butter beans – 34
- 8 ounces of tomato juice – 38
- 1 medium-sized apple – 38
- 1 cup of spaghetti – 42
- 1 cup of green grapes – 46
- 8 ounces of pineapple juice – 46
- 1 large carrot – 47
- 1 medium-sized orange – 48
- 1 large grapefruit – 50
- 1 large banana – 52
- One cup of peas – 54
Moderate GI foods
Their GI ranges between 55 and69. Eat these in moderate portions.
- 1 cup of brown rice – 55
- 1 tablespoon of raw honey – 55
- 1 cup of oatmeal – 58
- 1 cup of regular white rice – 64
- 1 serving of macaroni and cheese – 64
High GI foods
Their GI ranges between 70 and 100. Don’t eat these on a daily basis, otherwise you may end up dealing with a severe ailment. Some experts believe that you should never eat any of the following foods:
- 1 slice of white bread – 70
- 2 cups of popcorn – 72
- 1 doughnut (glazed) – 76
- 1 rice cake – 78
- 1 medium-sized baked potato – 85
- 1 serving of corn flakes – 92
- 50 grams of glucose – 100
Your dietary habits have a huge impact on your overall health, including your blood sugar levels. if you notice any signs of hyperglycemia, consider changing your menu, and stick to a healthy balance.